Civil War Sesquicentennial

Jubal Early's 1864 Raid

In the Spring of 1864, Union commander-in-chief General Ulysses S. Grant launched simultaneous attacks against the Confederates throughout the South. He succeeded in maneuvering Lee closer to Richmond, Virginia, and finally overwhelmed him at the Confederate States of America’s (C.S.A.) capital city and at nearby Petersburg. Confederate General Jubal Early took Rebel forces north in a desperate attempt to turn the tide of the war by capturing the Union’s capital city.

Confederate soldiers took trains to Martinsburg, West Virginia, and then crossed by foot into Maryland near Sharpsburg. Towns such as Hagerstown, Middletown, and Frederick were ransomed by the invaders in an effort to collect much-needed money and supplies for the ragged Southern army. After collecting $200,000 from the town fathers of Frederick, Early’s Rebels were stalled by General Lew Wallace and a hastily assembled Union force at the Battle of Monocacy.

The Confederates were victorious at Monocacy, but they failed in achieving their final objective of overtaking Washington, DC. While Confederate troops were delayed in Frederick, the Union army replenished and strengthened defenses around Washington, DC. Because of this, the Battle of Monocacy is also known as the “Battle that Saved Washington.”

Ways to Commemorate the 150th Anniversary of the Battle of Monocacy

  • Huzza For Liberty! 1864 Civil War Exhibit
    June 14, 2014- December 31, 2014
    Museum of Frederick County History
    Frederick, MD 21701
    This exhibit features the City of Frederick's ransom documents. It also explores how the war came to Frederick in 1864, how the residents were affected, the Battle of Monocacy and the aftermath. Importantly, the exhibit will highlight the daily life of the residents and how they coped with the onslaught of war.  

More Information
For a complete listing of all Civil War related events, please visit the Heart of the Civil War Heritage Area's full events calendar. Discover more about Frederick County's Civil War sites and stories.

Download a Media Kit for the 1864 commemorations planned for the summer of 2014.

tfc-hotcw-150-logo.gifFrederick County is located in Maryland's Heart of the Civil War Heritage Area. For more events and to learn more about experiences "Below the Mason Dixon Line, above the Potomac, and at the Heart of the Civil War," visit