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Frederick, MD Civil War

Frederick County, Maryland was at the crossroads of the American Civil War. Throughout the conflict, armies marched through the region and several major battles occurred in the Frederick area. In 1862, Union and Confederate armies clashed during the Battle of South Mountain, a Union victory that set the stage for the Battle of Antietam. The Union Army marched through Frederick on its way to victory at Gettysburg in July 1863. A year later, another Confederate invasion came to Frederick, resulting in the Battle of Monocacy on July 9, 1864. In the aftermath of battle, many locations in Frederick County became military hospitals. Learn more about how the Civil War shaped the history of medicine at the National Museum of Civil War Medicine. 

Today, you can follow in the soldiers' footsteps along multiple Maryland Civil War Trail driving tours, seeing many of the same places, landmarks, and communities that played major roles in the conflict.